Thursday, September 22, 2011

Chapter 2: Questions #3, 4

3. The requirements for learning a motor skill are as follows; prerequisites, clear idea of the task, motivational/attentional disposition to the skill, practice, and feedback. Prerequisites require the teacher to do a task analysis to see what basic skills the students already have. The students must have the capability to do the task before making them do it. Making sure the students have a clear idea of the task they are trying to learn means the teacher must help the students develop their motor programs for each task.  Motivational/attentional disposition to the skill means that the teacher must keep the students attention so they constantly focus on what they are trying to practice. Practice means letting the students get lots of repetitions and different situations with the skill in it. This way the student can develop the skill so they can perform it consistently. Feedback from a teacher can motivate the students to practice more, or gain confidence in what skills they are practicing.

4. Closed skills, open skills, discrete skills, and serial skills should all be differently.  Closed skills should be taught in an environment that won't change. This way the student can work on consistence and stability of the skill. Open skills are different because the situations are always going to be changing in open skills. The teacher wants to change the environment and the situations in order to train the students so they can adjust to new situations with the skill.  Discrete skills should be taught from beginning to end, and taught in a closed environment. But, serial skills should be taught to make transitions from the first skill to the next. This requires progressions to create the skill patterns.

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